The study found that Russia, among Poland’s seven neighbours, is considered by Poles to be the most distant in terms of society and culture.
Poles feel closer to the Czechs, Slovaks, Lithuanians, Ukrainians, Belarusians and Germans, according to the study.
The survey also found that, for Poles, the term "Russian foreign policy" had negative associations such as imperialism, expansion, aggression, propaganda, lies and manipulation.
The report, entitled "Poland-Russia. Social diagnosis", was commissioned by the Centre for Polish-Russian Dialogue and Understanding. It is based on a survey carried out between June 3 and 16, asking over 1,000 Poles for their views.
Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki earlier this month suggested Russia was a "hostile regime" after German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny had been poisoned with a Soviet-era Novichok nerve agent in an attempt to kill him.