The survey, conducted by pollster United Surveys for the daily Dziennik Gazeta Prawna, also found that 24.4 percent of respondents believe the government should give employers the opportunity to check the vaccination status of their employees.
Meanwhile, 24.5 percent stated that unvaccinated people should partially pay for their medical treatment.
According to the poll, 17 percent of Poles are in favor of compulsory COVID-19 vaccinations, while 15.4 percent support a country-wide lockdown.
Around a fifth of respondents believe the pandemic will never end, and over 30 percent said it would last more than a year.
“This is a large increase in pessimism” compared with a previous survey in March, Dziennik Gazeta Prawna said in a comment.
The poll was carried out on November 18 and 19 on a representative sample of 1,000 Poles.
Poland on Wednesday reported 28,380 new coronavirus infections and 460 more deaths related to COVID-19, bringing the country's total number of cases during the pandemic to 3,406,129 and fatalities to 81,688.
Lawmakers from Poland's ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party this month submitted legislation to enable employers across the country to check if their staff are vaccinated against COVID-19.