Duda paid tribute to women on social media, stressing their "sensitivity" and "great strength."
"Thank you for all the good things you do for us," he said in a tweet posted by his office.
Meanwhile, Defence Minister Mariusz Błaszczak sent "special wishes to all the ladies in uniform."
"There are already 11,550 female soldiers serving in the Polish Army," Błaszczak said in a tweet.
"Thank you for taking care of the security of our homeland," he added.
Health Minister Adam Niedzielski, for his part, encouraged women to take advantage of a range of preventive medical screening tests available in the country.
"Dear ladies, please get tested, health is the most important thing," he said in a Twitter post.
International Women's Day is celebrated in dozens of countries worldwide on March 8. The celebration grew out of the labour movement and was made international in 1910 in Copenhagen by the Socialists as an expression of respect for women’s fight for equality, better pay and the right to vote.
In Poland, the day was especially popular during the communist period, when it was marked in most workplaces and schools. After communism collapsed in 1989, the event lost its popularity, and central celebrations were eventually abolished in 1993.
These days, March 8 in Poland usually sees demonstrations by feminists, combined with events calling for equal treatment of the sexes.
Meanwhile, many Polish men give women flowers and gifts on the day.
Source: IAR, PAP