Meanwhile, 30 percent have no such plans, according to the survey by the Pollster Research Institute.
The remaining 14 percent are undecided, the study showed, according to a report by Poland's Super Express tabloid.
The survey, commissioned by the newspaper, was conducted from January 29 to February 1 on a sample of 1,081 respondents.
In a previous study by the same researcher in December, the number of those declaring they intended to receive a vaccine was 24 percentage points lower, Super Express reported.
Around 6,000 vaccination sites are available to citizens as Poland rolls out its COVID-19 inoculation campaign.
As of Wednesday, a total of 1,342,435 coronavirus vaccine shots had been administered nationwide, according to data released by officials.
Poland on Wednesday reported 6,802 new coronavirus infections and 421 more deaths, bringing its total number of cases during the pandemic to 1,527,016 and fatalities to 37,897.
Source: PAP, se.pl