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UPDATE 2: Poland remembers victims of 1940 massacre by Soviets

13.04.2021 13:00
Poland's top officials on Tuesday paid tribute to thousands of Polish officers and intellectuals who were killed by the Soviets more than eight decades ago as part of a series of mass executions known as the Katyn Massacre.
Audio
President Andrzej Duda speaks in Warsaw on Tuesday as he marks the 81st anniversary of the Katyn Massacre of Polish officers and intellectuals by the Soviets.
President Andrzej Duda speaks in Warsaw on Tuesday as he marks the 81st anniversary of the Katyn Massacre of Polish officers and intellectuals by the Soviets.Photo: PAP/Andrzej Lange

On the 81st anniversary of the World War II mass murders, President Andrzej Duda commemorated the victims of the Soviet crime at a monument in Warsaw’s Old Town district.

"Today, as every year, we honour the memory of Polish officers, servicemen and intellectuals murdered by the Soviets during World War II, in particular those who were imprisoned in places such as Ostashkov, Kozelsk and Starobelsk, and then executed at sites including Katyn, Kharkiv and Kalinin," Duda said during a wreath-laying ceremony.

He added that "there is no doubt that those terrible acts of genocide against members of the Polish intelligentsia were perpetrated with the aim of annihilating our nation—annihilating it by murdering its most influential and fastest developing social segments."

'Killed only because they were Polish patriots'

Earlier, in a special message focusing on the anniversary, President Andrzej Duda said that the Polish officers and intellectuals "were killed only because they were Polish patriots."

Preserving the memory of the Katyn crime "is our moral duty and a great obligation to serve our country," the Polish head of state said in his message.

He added that "the victims of that crime left a legacy of unshakable, proud patriotism," while also inspiring "generations of those who fought for a free and sovereign Poland."

„Nasza pamięć o Katyniu jest moralną powinnością oraz wielkim zobowiązaniem do służby Ojczyźnie. Ofiary tej zbrodni...

Posted by Kancelaria Prezydenta RP on Monday, April 12, 2021

National memorial day

April 13 is in Poland a national day of remembrance for the victims of the World War II mass murders.

A host of events have been scheduled throughout the nation to observe the memorial day, which was established by the country’s parliament in 2007.

Due to safety precautions amid the coronavirus pandemic, this year’s commemorations are less high-profile than in most previous years.

Physical attendance during the day's ceremonies has been limited due to social distancing precautions prompted by the COVID-19 health crisis.

In the evening, the façade of the Polish presidential palace will be illuminated to honour those murdered in the Katyn Forest in western Russia more than eight decades ago, one of Duda's aides, Wojciech Kolarski, told state news agency PAP.

'Painful symbol of Soviet crimes'

The Polish foreign ministry said in a tweet on Tuesday morning that the mass graves of Polish prisoners of war "in Katyn, Kharkiv, Mednoye, Bykivnia and other locations are a painful symbol of Soviet crimes and attempts at falsifying history."

Lighting a candle of remembrance

Ahead of the 81st anniversary of the mass murders, Polish Foreign Minister Zbigniew Rau honoured the victims at a Polish war cemetery in Bykivnia near Kiev, Ukraine last week.

Almost 22,000 Polish prisoners of war were killed in the spring of 1940 on orders from top Soviet authorities, according to estimates cited by Polish Radio’s IAR news agency.

Following the Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939, thousands of Polish officers were deported to camps in the Soviet Union.

POWs from camps in Kozelsk, Starobelsk and Ostashkov as well as Poles held in prisons run by the Soviet Union's NKVD secret police were among those murdered in April 1940.

Moscow for decades denied responsibility for the Katyn Massacre, while the topic was taboo when Poland after the war remained under Soviet control until 1989.

(gs/pk)

Source: PAP, polskieradio.pl

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